Guysborough County Genealogy

Guysborough County, Nova Scotia, Canada

Glossary of Old Terms

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-C-

Word/PhraseDefinitionUseage
Cab Driver / Cabbie / CabmanDriver of a horse-drawn passenger vehicle for hire. The first two are still in current use for a taxi driverUK Occupation
CabinetmakerMaker of wooden furnitureScot.Occup
CachexiaMalnutritionMedical
CacogastricUpset stomachMedical
CacospysyIrregular pulseMedical
CadFed and watered horses at coaching innsUK Occupation
cadastraA public record, survey or map for tax purposes showing ownership and value of landColonial Diseases
CaddieMessenger or errand boyUK Occupation
Caddy ButcherButcher dealing in horse meatUK Occupation
Cadger1) Beggar 2) Medieval hawk carrier. Attended hawking party, carrying hawks perched on a square frame around his waist and slung from his shoulders. Origin of 'cadge a lift'UK Occupation
CaduceusSubject to falling sickness or epilepsyMedical
CafenderCarpenterUK Occupation
Caffeler / CafflerRag & Bone manUK Occupation
CAILSCertified American Indian Lineage Specialist, BCG credentialColonial Diseases
CainerWalking stick makerUK Occupation
CairdTinkerUK Occupation
Cal. Prin.Calico printer. Calico was a cotton cloth imported from India, then patterned with dyesScot.Occup
CalcinerMade powdered lime from burning bonesUK Occupation
Calculator18c term for a mathematician engaged in computing tables, such as the annual Nautical Alamanac used by navigators in the calculation of astronomical observations. An extremely laborious occupation!UK Occupation
CalenderA person who listed documents (filing?)UK Occupation
Calenderer / Calenderman'Calender' operator. A machine used to press and finish fabrics or paper between rollers. More Info. More Info.UK Occupation
Calico PrinterDyed, coloured and printed calicoUK Occupation
CallendererSmoothed cloth or paper by passing through rollersScot.Occup
Caller Off / Caller OutLoads and unloads trucks in a goods depot; calls out particulars of incoming and outgoing consignments, from labels on goods, to goods checkers in preparation for their removal from platform or wagon by goods porters.UK Occupation
CALSCertified American Lineage Specialist, BCG credentialColonial Diseases
Camb BuilderA camb or comb builder made and fitted devices to thread the yarn on weaving looms. See also reedmaker .Scot.Occup
Cambist / Cambrist1) Dealer in bills of exchange - financial expert. 2) BankerUK Occupation
Cambric MakerMade cambric, a fine cotton or linen fabricUK Occupation
CameristLady's maidUK Occupation
CamisterMinister of the clothUK Occupation
Camlet MerchantSold 'camlet' - cloth used in making petticoats and cloaksUK Occupation
Camp fever aka Camp diarrheaTyphusMedical
Canal PorterLoaded and unloaded canal bargesUK Occupation
Canal PuddlerDuring canal construction, 'puddled' layers of clay on the sides and bottom of the canal to waterproof itUK Occupation
CancellariusChancellor - from LatinUK Occupation
CandlerCandle makerUK Occupation
Caner / Chair BottomerMade woven cane chair seatsUK Occupation
Canine madnessRabies, hydrophobiaMedical
CankerUlceration of mouth or lips or herpes simplexMedical
CannallerCanal boat workerUK Occupation
canon lawChurch lawColonial Diseases
Canter / Cantor1) Beggar 2) Religious speaker, chanterUK Occupation
Canting CallerAuctioneerUK Occupation
CanvaserCanvas makerUK Occupation
Caper / CapperCap makerUK Occupation
Capillaire MakerMade orange flavoured syrupUK Occupation
CapitalistInvestor, providing capital for commerceUK Occupation
CarbonariusCharcoal makerScot.Occup
CarcinomaCancerScot.Dise 1855
Card Maker1) Made the combs and implements for carding (combing) woolUK Occupation
Card MasterIn charge of the carding room in a cotton/wollen millUK Occupation
Card Nailer / NailorerMaintained the teeth (nails) on the carding machine used on wool & cotton before weavingUK Occupation
CarderCarded (combed - a skilled job) wool or cotton. Prepared wool for spinning by brushing with wire padsUK Occupation
CardroomerWorker in the carding room of cotton/woollen millsUK Occupation
Carman/Charman/Carrier/Carter/CartmanDriver of (horse-drawn) vehicles for transporting goods. Carmen were often employed by railway companies for local deliveries and collections of goods and parcels. Modern day van driver. A Carter typically drove a light two wheeled carriage. Also sometimes someone who drove horse-drawn trams was called a Carman.UK Occupation
CarmanDriver of horse-drawn tramcars in late 19th CenturyScot.Occup
CarnifexButcherUK Occupation
CarpentariusCarpenter - from LatinUK Occupation
Cart WheelerCart wheel makerUK Occupation
CarterCarrier of goods by wagon. Worked with horse and cart on farms or in townsUK Occupation
CartographerMapmaker - as todayUK Occupation
CartomancerFortune teller using cardsUK Occupation
CartwrightMaker and repairer of horse-drawn cartsUK Occupation
Case HardenerHeat treats steel to harden its surfaceUK Occupation
CashmarieFish seller - usually in inland marketsUK Occupation
Caster / CastorerMade small bottles for sprinkling salt, pepper, sugar etc.UK Occupation
Castrator / GelderCastrated farm animalsUK Occupation
CatagmanCottager (phonetic)UK Occupation
CatalepsySeizures / trancesMedical
CatarrhInflammation of the mucous membranesScot.Dise 1855
CatarrhalCattarh is a cold (the al at the end makes it an adjective): Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergyMedical
Catchpole / CatchpollerBailiff or Sheriff's assistantUK Occupation
CatechistReligious teacher - from catechismUK Occupation
Cats Meat ManSold meat from a barrow for cats and dogsUK Occupation
Cattle JobberBought and sold cattleUK Occupation
CaulkerFilled up cracks in ships, casks, windows or seams to make them watertight by using tar or oakum hemp fibre produced by taking old ropes apartUK Occupation
CausewaymakerBuilt town roads (causeways) with stone settsScot.Occup
CautionerPerson who stands surety for another, for example for the arrival of a groom on his marriage dayScot.Occup
CeilerInstalled ceilingsUK Occupation
CellarmanAs today, looked after beer & spirits & its dispensing equipment in pubs or warehousesUK Occupation
cemetery recordan account of the names and death dates of those buried within a cemeteryColonial Diseases
CemmerHand combed yarn prior to weavingUK Occupation
census recordA government sponsored enumeration of the population in a particular area; contains a variety of information from names heads of household or all household members, their ages, citizenship status, and ethnic background etc.Colonial Diseases
CensusOfficial enumeration, listing or counting of citizens.General
CeramistA craftsman who shapes pottery on a potter's wheel and bakes it in a kilnUK Occupation
Cerebral haemorrhageBleeding in the brain resulting in a strokeScot.Dise 1855
CerebritisInflammation of cerebrum or lead poisoningMedical
Certificato di matrimonioMarriage recordItalian
Certificato di morteDeath recordItalian
Certified copyA copy made and attested to by officers having charge of the original and authorized to give copies.General
Chaff CutterCut straw to make chaffUK Occupation
ChaffererDealer in chaffUK Occupation
ChainSee measurements.General
Chair bodgerTravelling chair repairerUK Occupation
Chair TurnerTurned the legs and spindles used in chair making often turned on rough 'bodgers' - lathes - as a cottage industry- common in BuckinghamshireUK Occupation
ChairbearerOne of two porters who carried a sedan chair with passenger in 18th century Edinburgh and GlasgowScot.Occup
ChairmanOne of two persons who carried a sedan chair.UK Occupation
Chaise DriverDrove a chaise - a two-wheeled open horse-drawn carriage for one or two personsUK Occupation
ChaisemakerCarriage or cart makerUK Occupation
Chaloner1) Dealer in Shalloon – a fabric from Chalons in France 2) Blanket maker. Chalon or Shalloon - a woollen blanket or coverlet for a bed (from its original place of manufacture, Chalons-sur-Marne, in France)UK Occupation
Chamber MasterShoemaker working from home or selling to the publicUK Occupation
ChamberlainSteward in charge of administration of the household of royalty or nobility. One of the four main officers of the court, he controlled access to the KingUK Occupation
Chambre Syndicale des Généalogistes - Héraldistes 74, rue des Saints-Pères, 75005 Paris, France. The genealogical body providing certification for professional genealogists in France.Colonial Diseases
Chandler1) Dealer or trader 2) Maker or seller of candles 3) Retailer of groceries - esp. to shipsUK Occupation
Change-keeperAn inn-keeperScot.Occup
Chanty ManThe leader in singing sea shanties aboard shipUK Occupation
ChapelerHat maker and seller - from French 'chapeau'UK Occupation
Chapman / Copeman / Ceapman1) 13c - 16c Itinerate Trader/Peddler. 2) Merchant - in the 17/18c, before the advent of factories, a Chapman would invest in the raw materials of the cotton, woolen or silk trade, put out the work to spinners and weavers at home on piece-rates, and sellUK Occupation
ChapmanDealer of goods from a stall, or by travelling from village to villageScot.Occup
ChapperEmployed to knock on doors of early risers. eg bakers, jute workers etc.Scot.Occup
CharacteristicsFeatures that distinguish people or places from others.Genealogy
Charcoal BurnerMade charcoal from burning, usually on the site of felling the treesUK Occupation
ChartmasterNegotiated mining contracts and supplied the labourUK Occupation
CharwomanA woman hired by the day to do odd jobs, usually cleaning, in a house - as still used today and in use as early as 1596. The word 'chare' or 'char' was used to describe an odd jobUK Occupation
ChaserAn engraverUK Occupation
ChatelaineMistress of the houseUK Occupation
ChattelPersonal property which can include animate as well as inanimate properties.General
chattelspersonal property, both animate and inanimateColonial Diseases
ChaunterStreet entertainer (singer)UK Occupation
Check WeaverA weaver who used a loom that used more than one shuttle, each of which had a different coloured bobbin in order to produce checked cloth.UK Occupation
Cheese Factor / Monger CheesemanCheese dealerUK Occupation
ChevenerEmbroidered fine silk stockings, popular with the Victorians.UK Occupation
ChiffonnierWig makerUK Occupation
ChilblainSwelling of extremities caused by exposure to coldMedical
Childbed feverInfection following birth of a childMedical
Chimney SweepChimney cleanerUK Occupation
Chin coughWhooping coughMedical
ChinglorTiled roofs with wooden shingles (shingler)UK Occupation
ChippyCarpenter - esp. Ship's carpenter or shipwrightUK Occupation
Chirugeon / ChirurgeonApothecary or surgeonUK Occupation
ChirurgeonA surgeonScot.Occup
ChlorosisIron deficiency anemiaMedical
CholecystitisInflammation of the gall bladderMedical
CholelithiasisGall stonesMedical
Cholera morbusCharacterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc. Could be appendicitisMedical
CholeraAcute severe contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughingMedical
ChoreaDisease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancingMedical
ChowderFishmongerUK Occupation
ChristenTo receive or initiate into the visible church by baptism; to name at baptism; to give a name to.General
christeningChristian ceremony of baptizing and giving a name to an infant. See also baptismColonial Diseases
ChronologistRecorder of important historical eventsUK Occupation
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SaintsA major Christian religion founded in 1830 by Joseph Smith, the Mormons. In 1894 it founded the Family History Library to gather records which help people trace their ancestry. The Library has grown to acquire the world's largest collection of genealogical information. The Library is located at 35 North West Temple Street, Salt Lake City, Utah 84150 (Telephone: 801-240-2331). You do not need to visit the Library to utilize its resources. Most of the library's films and microfiche can be loaned for use at one of their Family History Centers, located in many cities around the world. The key library resources include FamilySearch®, Family History Library Catalog®, the International Genealogical Index™ (IGI), Ancestral File™, Family Registry™, and Personal Ancestral File® (PAF). Many of the resources of the church are available at the Family History Centres without charge.Colonial Diseases
church recordSee baptismal record, marriage record, and burial recordColonial Diseases
Cinder WenchFemale who collected cinders from factories for sale door to doorUK Occupation
circa (ca.) (Latin)about, approximatelySwedish
circa, circiter (c., ca., circ.)aboutLatin
CircaAbout, near, or approximate -- usually referring to a date.General
CirrhosisChronic disease of the liver causing scarring and liver disfunctionScot.Dise 1855
City MeterWeights and Measures inspector's assistant, checking both the weights of goods as sold and the accuracy of the metal weights used. Some specialised - such as in Coal Meters, etc.UK Occupation
Civil warWar between the States; war between North and South, 1861-65.General
civilregistretcivil registrarSwedish
claA Celtic group esp. in the Scottish Highlands comprising a number of households whose heads claim descent from a common ancestorColonial Diseases
ClaggerPerson removing clags or dirty clots from a wool fleeceScot.Occup
ClakerMagician / AstrologerUK Occupation
ClapmanTown CrierUK Occupation
ClarkClerkScot.Occup
ClassmanUnemployed labourerUK Occupation
ClavigerServantUK Occupation
Clay carrierAssistant to the shot firer in the pitsUK Occupation
Clay PuddlerMade the waterproof clay lining used on canals and dams. Mixing water with clay, they worked it with their feet until it became smooth and waterproof.UK Occupation
Clayman / Cleyman1) Prepared clay for brick making 2) Rendered buildings with clay to waterproof themUK Occupation
Clergyman without cure of SoulsA clergyman without his own parish (without cure - care - of souls). Getting a Parish with sufficient income when there were more Clergy than Parishes wasn't always possibleUK Occupation
ClericusClerk - from LatinUK Occupation
ClerkMedieval clergyman or clericUK Occupation
Clicker1) Foreman printer who looked after the typography and layout; 2) Shoe-maker who cut out the leather for making the uppers. 3) The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite in customers More Info.UK Occupation
Clipper/ on/offAttached coal carts to the line hauling them from the coal face to the liftsUK Occupation
ClipperThey trimmed cloth in the dyeing and bleaching process for textilesScot.Occup
Clod HopperPloughmanUK Occupation
Clogger1) Made wooden shoes 'clogs' - in England they were usually leather with thick wooden soles More Info 2) In the Cheshire salt mines, inserted ribs in the base of a salt tub which supported the raised perforated base plate, thereby facilitating drainageUK Occupation
Cloth DrawerSame as 'cloth finisher'Scot.Occup
Cloth Dresser / CropperWorked in the woollen industry, cutting the cloth surface after it had left the fulling mill More InfoUK Occupation
Cloth DresserCloth mill worker who cut the sheets of cloth with shearsScot.Occup
Cloth FinisherInspected and repaired small holes or blemishes in the final productScot.Occup
Cloth LapperMoved the yarn from the carding machine to the next process in weavingUK Occupation
Cloth LayerIn garment manufacturing, laid out cloth in layers on a long table, checking for evenness and for defects.UK Occupation
Cloth Linter or PickerRemoved surplus thread and lint from the finished woven clothUK Occupation
Cloth LookerAn inspector of finished woven cloth. Also remedied slight defects and applied 'padding' to remove oil spotsUK Occupation
Cloth TearerAssisted a cloth printer in a print mill . Usually a youngster.Scot.Occup
Clothier / Clothesman / ClothmanMade or sold clothingUK Occupation
ClothierStocked and sold clothes which the tailor madeScot.Occup
Clouter / Clower1) Nail maker 2) Shoe makerUK Occupation
Club CollectorThe 'Club Man' called door to door on a weekly basis to collect payments for clothing, burial or Christmas ClubsUK Occupation
Coach TrimmerFinished of the building of a coach with painting, upholstery etc.UK Occupation
CoachmanDriver of coach and horsesScot.Occup
CoachsmithMaker and repairer of horse-drawn coaches.Scot.Occup
Coachstand WatermanWatered horses at a coach or cab stand and looked after them in the absence of the driversUK Occupation
Coal BackerCarried coal from barges to the coal wagons - on their backs.UK Occupation
Coal BurnerCharcoal makerUK Occupation
Coal Dealer / MerchantDealer and seller of coal - mainly to domestic customers. Still used todayUK Occupation
Coal DrawerMoved coal carts in the mineUK Occupation
Coal HeaverUnloaded coalmine carts on the surfaceUK Occupation
Coal RunnerAttended coal carts in the minesUK Occupation
Coal TrimmerPerson who stabilised coal-carrying barges/shipsScot.Occup
Coal WhipperUnloaded coal from ships using basketsUK Occupation
Coalman / Coal HigglerSold coal to householders, usually by horse & cartUK Occupation
CoalmasterOwner and operator of a coal mineScot.Occup
CoalmeterMeasured the coalUK Occupation
Coast Waiter/SurveyorCustoms Official attending unloading of shipsUK Occupation
CobblemanFisherman using a cobble - flat bottom boatUK Occupation
CobblerShoemaker/repairer - as todayUK Occupation
CockfeederLooked after fighting cocksUK Occupation
CocusCook - from LatinUK Occupation
Cod PlacerPlaced fireproof containers, holding pottery being fired, into the kilnUK Occupation
codicilAn addition to a will to change, explain, revoke or add provisions which overrule the provisions in the original willColonial Diseases
CohenPriestUK Occupation
CoinerMint employee making coinsUK Occupation
Coke DrawerDrew the finshed coke from the retort in which coal was heated to produce coke.UK Occupation
Cold plagueAgue which is characterized by chillsMedical
ColicAn abdominal pain and crampingMedical
collateral ancestoAn ancestor not in the direct line of ascent, but of the same ancestral familyColonial Diseases
Collateral ancestorBelong to the same ancestral stock but not in direct line of descent; opposed to lineal such as aunts, uncles & cousins.General
collateral familieThe families with whom your ancestors intermarried and moved.Colonial Diseases
CollegemanWorks on 'colleges' - flat bottomed bargesUK Occupation
CollierCoal mine worker or coal barge worker. Term still used todayUK Occupation
Colliery DoorkeeperDoorkeepers or 'trappers', opened and closed the ventilation doors to let coal pass. Often young boys were employed in this position.UK Occupation
ColonusFarmer or husbandman - from LatinUK Occupation
Colour Man1) Mixed textile dyes 2) House painter's assistantUK Occupation
Colourator / ColoratorWorked with dyesUK Occupation
ColourmanMixer of dyes in textile tradeScot.Occup
ColporteurPeddler of religious books. Travelling book sellerUK Occupation
ColtWorker who has not served an apprenticeship. Particularly applied to women and children in the knitting trade during the 1811-1812 Luddite troublesUK Occupation
Comb MakerComb maker for 1) textile industry 2) hairUK Occupation
Comb presserMade combs by boiling imported buffalo horn, pressing flat, and shaping when coolScot.Occup
Comber / CombereCombed wool or cottonUK Occupation
CombmakerA maker of combs for textiles, or hair. See also Vulcanite Comb MakerScot.Occup
Commission AgentSalesman who derives his income solely from commission on salesUK Occupation
CommissionaireUniformed doorman at an hotel, theatre, etc. Member of the Corps of Commissionaires, a 3,500 strong team of professionals including many drawn from the military, police and emergency services - still in use (in 2002)UK Occupation
Common ancestorAncestor shared by any two people.General
CompositorSet type for printing - as today, but now giving way to the computerUK Occupation
ComputorA person employed in computation of accounts, data etc.UK Occupation
Conder / Conner1) Gave steering instructions to helmsman 2) Directed inshore fisherman towards fish shoals from ashore 3) Conner - Inspector or testerUK Occupation
Coney CatcherRabbit catcherUK Occupation
ConfederatePertaining to the Southern states which seceded from theU.S. in 1860 -1861, their government and their citizens.General
Confinement NurseAn attending woman during the first month after childbirth. Also known as 'Monthly Nurse'. May also have the initials S.M.S. (Subsidiary Medical Services. i.e. not a doctor, but trained in some way )UK Occupation
CongestionAny collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungsMedical
Congestive chillsMalariaMedical
Congestive feverMalariaMedical
connubialOf or relating to the married state; conjugalColonial Diseases
connubiummarriageLatin
consanguinityA close relation, kinshipColonial Diseases
ConservatorGuardian or custodianScot.Occup
ConsortUsually, a wife whose husband is livingGeneral
ConsumptionTuberculosisMedical
ContractorSomeone contracted to perform a trade or service, often by the owner eg a coal mining contractor.Scot.Occup
conveyanceAn instrument by which title to property is conveyedColonial Diseases
Cooper / CuperMade or repaired vessels made of wooden staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.UK Occupation
CooperMaker of barrels and casks, often for distillersScot.Occup
coopvaerdimerchant marineSwedish
Cop FitterFitted 'cops' to the looms. A cop is a cone onto which the yarn is wound after spinning, ready for weaving on the loomUK Occupation
Copeman1) Dealer in stolen goods 2) Dishonest horse dealerUK Occupation
Coppice DealerWoodsman supplying coppice wood to local craftsmen. More Info.UK Occupation
Coprolite DiggerCoprolite is fossilised animal dung and was found in Cambridgeshire, between Soham and Royston, and mined out between 1850 and 1890. Ground down and treated with acid, it made an excellent fertiliser.UK Occupation
Coracle MakerMade small round wicker and fabric inshore boats called CoraclesUK Occupation
CordinerMaker of leather shoes and boots. From the French 'cordonnier'Scot.Occup
Cordwainer / Cordiner / Corviner / CorvisorShoemaker. Originally, a leather worker using high quality Cordovan leather from Spain for such things as harness, gloves and riding boots. By the 19c it had reduced to a shoemaker - as distinct from a cobbler, who repaired shoes More Info. More Info.UK Occupation
Cordwainersee CordinerScot.Occup
Core MakerFormed sand moulds and cores for the production of metal castingsUK Occupation
Cork CutterWorked with cork; mainly stoppers for bottles - in England from the 17th to 19th Century.UK Occupation
Corn ChandlerCorn MerchantUK Occupation
Corn FactorMiddleman in corn dealingUK Occupation
Corn MeterOfficial who weighed and weighed the corn at marketUK Occupation
CornetThe lowest commissioned rank in a cavalry regiment, who carried the coloursUK Occupation
Coronary ...Associated with the heartScot.Dise 1855
coroners inquestA legal inquiry, or inquest by a coroner, to determine the cause of a sudden or violent death.Colonial Diseases
CorruptionInfectionMedical
CorverMade baskets ,known as Corves, used in coal miningUK Occupation
CoryzaA coldMedical
Costermonger / Coster Wife1) Peddler of fruits and vegetables 2) Ditto, femaleUK Occupation
CostermongerStreet seller of apples, other fruit and vegetablesScot.Occup
CostivenessConstipationMedical
Cotiler / Coteler / CotylerCutler - maker or dealer in cutleryUK Occupation
Cottager / Cottar / Cotter / CottierAgricultural labourer, living in a landowner's farm cottageUK Occupation
CottarTenant with only a cottage and little landScot.Occup
Cotton BallerWound cotton thread into balls on a special balling machine. These were used in 'Ball Warping', the oldest system of warping, not much used today.UK Occupation
Cotton DresserOperator who assembled the yarns or threads prior to weaving of clothUK Occupation
Cotton FeederWas employed feeding the cotton into a carding machine, which roughly straightened the fibres prior to spinning More Info.UK Occupation
Cotton PiecerPiecers in cotton mills, often children, had to lean over spinning-machines to repair broken threadsUK Occupation
Cotton RoverLoaded cotton yarn onto bobbins, giving the yarn a twist, (Roving) after the Carding and Combing processes.UK Occupation
Cotton Singer(Meaning singe-er) Tends a machine that singes the nap or lint from cloth More Info.UK Occupation
Cotton warperCotton mill loom operator who set the warp thread (yarn) on the looms before weavingScot.Occup
Cotton winderCotton mill worker who wound the thread on weaving loomsScot.Occup
Cotton Yarn Gasser1) A person who worked in the 'gas-room' where raw cotton was de-fumigated 2) A person who applied gas to finished cotton threads to smooth themUK Occupation
CoucherWorker in the paper millsUK Occupation
CountourCollected ratesUK Occupation
Country of originThe country in which a person is born.Genealogy
CouperBuyer and seller, usually of livestockUK Occupation
CouranteerJournalist - from FrenchUK Occupation
Court FactorDealer in Courts - small cartsUK Occupation
Court RollerIn charge of the rolls and records of the courtUK Occupation
Court ToolmakerMade the tools for making Courts - small cartsUK Occupation
CourtierOwner/driver of Courts - small cartsUK Occupation
Cousin/eCousinGermany
cousin1. The son or daughter of ones uncle or aunt 2. A collateral relative more distant than a brother or sister, but descended from a common ancestorColonial Diseases
Cow LeechAnimal DoctorUK Occupation
CowanOld name for a builder of dry stone walls - a dry stone dykerScot.Occup
CowfeederStockman who raised cattle in and around towns selling them on for slaughterScot.Occup
CowperMaker of cupsScot.Occup
CoxwainHelmsman of a ship or boat - still in useUK Occupation
Cramp colicAppendicitisMedical
Crate MakerIn the S Derbyshire potteries - wove crates from hazel and willow saplings for the transport of pottery More Info.UK Occupation
CreelerMill worker who arranged the cones or spools on the creels for warping.Scot.Occup
CreelmanCarried goods to market in a creel (basket)Scot.Occup
Crepe WeaverWove a cloth called Crepea light, thin fabric with a wrinkled surface - in the Victorian era, crepe was worn by ladies in mourning and there was a big demand for itUK Occupation
Crier1) Town Crier 2) Auctioneer 3) Law court officerUK Occupation
CrimperMember of a Navy press gangUK Occupation
CrockerPotterUK Occupation
Croft BleacherWorked bleaching cloth prior to dyeing and spreading it out in enclosed fields, or 'crofts' See CroftersUK Occupation
Crofter1) Tenant farmer of a croft - small piece of land - still in use 2) Also connected with bleaching of textiles - see CroftersUK Occupation
Crop sicknessOverextended stomachMedical
Cropper1) Tenant farmer who was paid with a share of the crop 2) Also known as a shearman, a skilled textile worker who sheared the nap from the clothUK Occupation
Crossing SweeperSwept ahead of people crossing dirty urban streets in exchange for a gratuity, creating a path that was referred to as a 'broom walk'. This was an informal 19th century occupation amongst the urban poor.UK Occupation
CroupLaryngitis, diphtheria, or strep throatMedical
CrownerCoronerUK Occupation
CuginoCousinItalian
CuhreurCourier - FrenchUK Occupation
Cultural diversityA country or region inhabited by people from many different ethnic backgrounds.Genealogy
Cultural mosaicA country like Canada wherein many different cultures thrive and preserve their distinguishing characteristics.Genealogy
CultureThe arts, beliefs, habits, institutions and other human endeavours considered together as being characteristic of a particular community, people or nation.Genealogy
CupperWorked in the potteries, making cupsUK Occupation
CuratorPerson appointed by law as guardianScot.Occup
CurerTobacco CurerUK Occupation
CurretterBrokerUK Occupation
Currier1) Dressed the coat of a horse with a curry comb 2) Tanned leather by incorporating oil or greaseUK Occupation
CustomerCustoms tax collector. Custom-house collection officer (also custumer)UK Occupation
CutlerKnife maker/seller/sharpener. m\Maker of steel implements especially knives, and sometimes surgical instrumentsUK Occupation
Cutlooker/ClothlookerOne who inspects the weaver's cut or piece of cloth as it comes from the loom.UK Occupation
CutterCutter of cloth for the tailorScot.Occup
CuttermanOperated coal face cutting machineryUK Occupation
CyanosisDark skin color from lack of oxygen in bloodMedical
Cycle ....Various occcupations in the Bicycle Making Trade - SeeUK Occupation
CynancheDiseases of throatMedical
CystitisInflammation of the bladderMedical
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