Guysborough County Genealogy

Guysborough County, Nova Scotia, Canada

Nova Scotia & World

    Pre 1400

  • 8400s BC Mi'kmaw encampment site at Debert NS.
  • 1008-11 Thorfin Karlsefne established a settlement on the Atlantic coast.

    1380 - 1600s

  • 1380 Charles VI of the House of Valois becomes king of France and reigns until 1422.
  • 1399 Henry IV of the House of Lancaster becomes king of England and reigns until 1413.
  • 1413 Henry V of the House of Lancaster becomes king of England and reigns until 1422.
  • 1422 Charles VII of the House of Valois becomes king of France and reigns until 1461.
  • 1422 Henry VI of the House of Lancaster becomes king of England and reigns until 1461.
  • 1461 Louis XI of the House of Valois becomes king of France and reigns until 1483.
  • 1461 Edward IV of the House of York becomes king of England and reigns until 1470.
  • 1470 Henry VI of the House of Lancaster becomes king of England and reigns until 1471.
  • 1471 Edward IV of the House of York becomes king of England and reigns until 1483.
  • 1483 Charles VIII of the House of Valois becomes king of France and reigns until 1498.
  • 1483 Edward V of the House of York becomes king of England and reigns for 2 months.
  • 1483 Richard III of the House of York becomes king of England and reigns until 1485.
  • 1485 Henry VII of the House of Tutor becomes king of England and reigns until 1509.
  • 1497 Explorer, John Cabot, explored present-day Cape Breton Island.
  • 1498 Louis XII of the House of Valois becomes king of France and reigns until 1515.
  • 1509 Henry VIII of the House of Tutor becomes king of England and reigns until 1547.
  • 1515 Francis I of the Augouleme Branch becomes king of France and reigns until 1547.
  • 1534 Jacques Cartier explored the northern shoreline.
  • 1547 Henry II of the Augouleme Branch becomes king of France and reigns until 1559.
  • 1547 Edward VI of the House of Tutor becomes king of England and reigns until 1553.
  • 1553 Jane of the House of Tutor becomes queen of England and reigns for 9 days.
  • 1553 Mary I of the House of Tutor becomes queen of England and reigns until 1558.
  • 1558 Elizabeth I of the House of Tutor becomes queen of England and reigns until 1603.
  • 1559 Francis II of the Augouleme Branch becomes king of France and reigns until 1560.
  • 1560 Charles IX of the Augouleme Branch becomes king of France and reigns until 1574.
  • 1574 Henry III of the Augouleme Branch becomes king of France and reigns until 1589.
  • 1589 Henry IV of the House Bourbon becomes king of France and reigns until 1610.
  • 1603 James I of the House of Stuart becomes king of England and reigns until 1625.
  • 1604 French established first capital for Acadia colony at Port Royal.
  • 1607 French abandoned Port Royal.
  • 1610 Louis XIII of the House Bourbon becomes king of France and reigns until 1643.
  • 1621 British named Acadia Nova Scotia during first failed attempt to establish colon.
  • 1625 Charles I of the House of Stuart becomes king of England and reigns until 1649.
  • 1629 Scottish settlers arrived at Port Royal.
  • 1632 Quebec, Nova Scotia returned to France in Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye; Scots forced to abandon Fort Royal, turned over to French.
  • 1643 Louis XIV of the House Bourbon becomes king of France and reigns until 1715.
  • 1653 Oliver Cromwell ruled England as Lord Protector until 1658.
  • 1658 Richard Cromwell ruled England as Lord Protector until 1659.
  • 1660 Charles II of the House of Stuart becomes king of England and reigns until 1685.
  • 1685 James II of the House of Stuart becomes king of England and reigns until 1688.
  • 1689 Mary II and William III of the House of Stuart becomes queen and king of England and she reigns until 1694 and he until 1702.

    1700s

  • 1702 Anne of the House of Stuart becomes queen of England and reigns until 1714.
  • 1713 Treaty of Utrecht gave Nova Scotia to Britain; Nova Scotia became a British colony.
  • 1714 George I of the House of Hanover becomes king of England and reigns until 1727.
  • 1715 Louis XV of the House Bourbon becomes king of France and reigns until 1774.
  • 1727 George II of the House of Hanover becomes king of England and reigns until 1760.
  • 1749 Britain founds Halifax.
  • 1751 First printing press in Canada established in Halifax.
  • 1752 The first newspaper is printed in Canada - The Halifax Gazette.
  • 1754 French and Indian War at Port Royal.
  • 1755 Postal service is established by the British in Halifax.
  • 1755-1763 Great Upheaval - French Acadians transferred to other British-controlled colonies, thousands died.
  • 1758 Nova Scotia legislature established.
  • 1760 George III of the House of Hanover becomes king of England and reigns until 1820.
  • 1763 French ceded Cape Breton Island, New Brunswick, St. John's Island (now Prince Edward Island to British in the Treaty of Paris; joined to Nova Scotia.
  • 1769 Prince Edward Island established as independent colony.
  • 1774 Louis XVI of the House Bourbon becomes king of France and reigns until 1792.
  • 1775 Independence Hurricane struck from South Carolina to Nova Scotia, killed 4,170.
  • 1776 United Empire Loyalists start retreating to Ontario, Qu├ębec and Nova Scotia from the northeastern USA.
  • 1784 Cape Breton Island, New Brunswick became independent colonies.
  • 1793 Canada Marriage Act allows marriages to be legally performed by the Anglican Church, Catholic Church, Church of Scotland, Presbyterian Church, Calvinist Church and Lutheran Church.

    1800s

  • 1818 Dalhousie University was founded in Halifax.
  • 1820 George IV of the House of Hanover becomes king of England and reigns until 1830.
  • 1820 Cape Breton Island rejoined Nova Scotia.
  • 1823 Nova Scotia first province to issue coinage.
  • 1827 First steam engine began operation in Nova Scotia.
  • 1830 William IV of the House of Hanover becomes king of England and reigns until 1837.
  • 1837 Victoria of the House of Hanover becomes queen of England and reigns until 1901.
  • 1843 Formal opening of Dalhousie College.
  • 1849 Nova Scotia first colony in British North America, British Empire to become self-governing.
  • 1861 Nova Scotia adopted their own decimal currency system replacing the varied currencies based on the pound.
  • 1867 British North American Act joined colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick in one federal union; Dominion of Canada formed, Ottawa capital.
  • 1867 The three decimal currencies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into the Canadian dollar.
  • 1873 The SS Atlantic, sunk near Peggy's Point, Nova Scotia, 547 killed
  • 1873 Nova Scotia cyclone sank over 1,000 ships, destroyed bridges, wharves, homes, churches; killed 500.
  • 1895-1898 Joshua Slocum of Nova Scotia, first man to sail solo around world.

    1900s

  • 1901 George I of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha becomes king of England and reigns until 1910.
  • 1907 First recorded flight in Canada occurred at Baddeck, Nova Scotia.
  • 1910 George V of the House of Windsor becomes king of England and reigns until 1936.
  • 1917 Halifax explosion caused by detonation of SS Mont-Blanc cargo ship, loaded with wartime explosives, killed 1,900 people and injured 9,000 (world's largest man-made accidental explosion).
  • 1918 Nova Scotia women won right to vote, hold provincial office.
  • 1921 Racing schooner, Bluenose, launched at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
  • 1936 Edward VIII of the House of Windsor becomes king of England and reigns for less than a year.
  • 1936 George VI of the House of Windsor becomes king of England and reigns until 1952.
  • 1945 HMCS Esquimalt torpedoed by German U-boat, sunk off Chebucto Head, Nova Scotia.
  • 1952 Elizabeth II of the House of Windsor becomes queen of England and reigns until the present.
  • 1955 Canso Causeway between mainland Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island completed.
  • 1956 Conservatives returned to power for first time since Confederation.
  • 1958 Springhill Mine disaster occurred, 74 killed.
  • 1976 Supreme Court of Nova Scotia ruled province had no right to censor motion pictures.
  • 1977 44-pound lobster caught off Nova Scotia.
  • 1992 Fishing industry suffered sharp decline due to overfishing, 20,000 jobs lost.
  • 1995 Former Premier Gerald Regan charged with 16 counts of sex crimes.

    2000s

  • 2003 Hurricane Juan landed at Halifax; 7 died.
  • 2004 Boeing 747 MK Airlines cargo plane crashed after take-off at Halifax International Airport, 7 crew members killed.
  • 2008 $400 million project launched to clean Halifax Harbour (first of three treatment facilities).
  • 2009 Toronto hiker killed by coyotes in Nova Scotia.
  • 2010 Four members of the Legislative Assembly were charged with fraud and breach of trust.
  • 2011 Scientists found signs of revival in cod fishery after 20 years of decline.
  • 2012 Metro Transit bus and ferry operators struck for 40 days, services were shut down.

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